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Mar 20 17 12:44 AM

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Hey everyone !

Was wondering if anyone has used a low friction teflon coating in their battle to increase dart speed . I've been wanting to try a more permanent coating(not just liquid or powder) that seals into the metal or wood of the blowgun . Apparently Home Depot sells DuPont Brand teflon coating .A while back blowguns were sold commonly with teflon coating and they all claimed at least 10% higher velocity .Anyone here had experience with coating a barrel that way??

Also scientists have come out with a almost frictionless coating that is extremely better than teflon . A dart in theory would nearly float in the barrel !! It's called NFC coating and another one you can google is BAM coating . It can be applied to anything .They are still in the commercial market so for them just to polish and coat a blowgun would be hundreds of dollars ...but think of how fast your dart/arrows would be ..your friends will think you've been breath training with scuba divers and navy seals .... 
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#1 [url]

Mar 21 17 8:11 AM

Don't expect huge changes in speed with low friction coating. Arrows from bows and pellets from slingshots don't have to fight the friction of a tube and they aren't that fast.

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#2 [url]

Mar 23 17 11:14 PM

Well you may be right it won't be huge but even the commercial blowguns with coating claim at least 10% increase in speed/distance; so even by all of our classic tournament rules, even a person shooing with low lung capacity 10 meter target would see that 10% no doubt . If he or she was a few feet shy of the bullseye on a flat 0 degree or nearly flat shot ;they now hit that target(bullseye) with 2-3 feet less drop. And for people like me who shoot long distance darts/arrows to max range (45 degree angle)like 400+ feet that measly 10% coating just gave me 10-15 yards of extra range . And as far a pellets and arrows go, they go who knows how many times farther and faster than blowgun darts .For blowguns esp. longer ones barrel friction/drag is huge .I also shoot 2-3 foot arrows that weigh on average 15-20 grams (225-300 grains) from a seven foot .63 caliber barrel . And ten 10% is huge when I'm trying to get the arrows to shoot a flat 10-15 yards . Right now they max outdistance a little over 100 yards where regular cone darts hit near 150 yards . A basic primitive bow can get arrows over 200 yards .  Pellets can be shot even farther . My goal is to set a world record at over 200 yards human breath only . Low drag fin and abdominal  style darts and arrows ...a chronograph my be in order to test actual barrel velocity (fps) with lubes and coatings vs regular barrel.

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#4 [url]

Mar 24 17 7:11 PM

Hey Pime, Thanks !

i had older posts about the subject and a link for under "world record blowgun dart " on YouTube . This guys shot hit around 556 feet,But his pipe appeared to be chocked or tapered at the end and he had a unique mouth piece and/or magnets . And his darts I have no idea how he even got them to seal in the bore ...

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#5 [url]

Mar 24 17 10:10 PM

Yes , hilltop
this video as been reported by Fukiyaman in this forum last year.
It seems to be actualy the max long distance word record  "officialized"  by a video
he used   a very low drag cone propellant of his invention.

about using low friction barrel system , i agree with Calina


Last Edited By: pime3 Mar 24 17 10:14 PM. Edited 1 time.

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#6 [url]

Mar 25 17 6:08 PM

Do you have any idea how he seals those darts in the barrel  ? And if you look close you can see when his gun is on the tripod that it is clearly choked or tapered at the muzzle.. and in the video where he's shooting glass you can hear when he blows a very distinct noise like pressure holding the dart back until release ..and his mouth piece turns into some kind of air flow booster ... I'm sure all that together (darts, taper , and extra pressure ) gets him in the 500+ foot range . I wonder how far he shoots a regular cone dart from a straight pipe . 

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#7 [url]

Mar 27 17 1:31 AM

 Il utilise un propulseur fait de papier plié en forme de croix.Le   souffle impulsif produit le gonflement ( déploiement)  quasi  instantanément du papier contre la paroi circulaire du tube , ce qui réduit fortement  les fuites d'air .Cela permet l'obtention de la force de propulsion dans le tube identique a celle d'un cone étanche.Les japonais sont maîtres dans l'art de plier le papier.Personnellement mes tentatives de produire des cones en papier pliés en forme de croix n'ont pas ete satisfaisantes. En sortie du tube , le papier reprend  instantannement la forme de pliage initiale aidee aussi  par l'action  du frottement de l'air sur le propulseur  en vol libre.La surface offerte en vol  libre par la forme en croix produit une resistance de traînée tres inferieure à celle forme conique . D'après mes essais et mesures sur ma soufflerie personnelle , le coefficient de traînée Cd mesurée sur la forme en croix  peut  être environ 3 fois plus faible que celle d'un cone du calibre du tube propulseur. ( soit un Cd de 0.1 à 0.15 pour la forme en croix).  

Traduction en anglais aidée by 
He used a propeller   composed of folded paper  shaped as a cross.( Japonese people have a gift in folding paper )
Inside the tube , the blast effect rear the propeller instantaneously  produces the swelling of the folded paper against the wall of the tube and strongly reduces the air losses.Then the dart can move like a traditional cone inside the tube. 
When the dart reaches  the muzzle , the paper cone instantaneoulsy retains the initiale shape as a cross also helped by the external friction of the air .
The cross section of the propeller  produces a little drad force compared the circular section of a traditional  cone .
The trials and measures I performed using my own test bench schowed that the drag force of the cross shape is 3 times less than the cone shape of same calibre
.ie Cd coefficient of 0.1 to 0.15 for cross shape
​ ( 0.3 to 0.45 for cone shape ) 

​about noises of the video
the sound is confused , not clear for me 
I don't hear  like you , sorry

about " extra pressure system " you suppose to be used at the mouth peace
Video have a too poor  definition
I can't give an opinion on this existence of such a system on tbe video

but concerning the possibility to reach 556 feet , yes I can , IMO , it is possible
When I saw this video for the first time , I was amazed
My curiousity lead to perform some calculations

for a man in a very good health , it is possible without any overpressure system.
But several material parameters must be matched and optimized ,be experienced and to be methodical
first, study the external balistic to determine speed , inclinaison , matched with drag coefficient of dart you will use
second, study the internal balistic matched  with your breath , mass of dart , barrel long to verify that you will reach the necessary speed.
Dispose of a long field
ELSE,  the trials will be more  long and fastidius

And effectively a chronograph , can be usefull to test your breath and speed.
a peakflow can also be usefull , to verify your hability to have the necessary breath flow matched with the dart speed and the caliber of blowgun.
if not in available stock , the medical tables can be usefull ( give peak  flow , fonction of age , sexe, and heigth )
A good  peak pressure  must also be reached during the shoot to accelerate the dart into the barrel.( not a problem for people in a good helth )


Last Edited By: pime3 Mar 27 17 3:31 AM. Edited 10 times.

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#8 [url]

Mar 27 17 9:38 PM

Yes Pime, you are absolutely correct! Well reaserched ! I now have to try a low drag dart such as the video or abdominal foam airfoil shape with fins, size and weight the same as a regular cone style and compare them in the field . Currently for my farthest shot ,(430 feet) I use 8 foot .56 barrel with around 3.5-4.0 gram nail dart with cone (2 inches long)
Also Pime ,I've read many of your older posts and you seem to be able to research very well the more scientific / mathematical aspects of blowguns , so I have a couple questions for you or our other readers to hopefully answer  . (Hope that's ok , thanks for your input!)
Question 1. In regards to the chronograph ,in your experience when compared side by side how much more feet per second or distance (max range )do the "alternative styles " of low drag darts have when compared to classic nail or wire cone dart? 5% more speed ? 10% ?????

Question 2. In regards to optimum breath flow , caliber etc , I can't get my 6 foot .63 to shoot a light cone style dart farther than the longer 8 foot .56 but I know I have enough air/breath power because I can use a 7 foot .63 better with heavier darts  but neither one beats the lighter dart /longer barrel . So according to your opinion would I get more distance/speed from a 10-12 foot true 1/2 inch pipe with maybe a 2.5 gram dart?? 

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#9 [url]

Mar 29 17 3:53 AM

Answer to your question 1
Inside the barrel , drag coefficient as no effect on the final speed, because air colonn move at the same speed that the dart.
outside the barrel the drag force Fd slow down the dart depending , masse M , Cd coefficient, and instantaneous speed V, caliber
it is not possible to give a value for loss of speed because a lot of parameter are affecting.
Also it is necessary to go farther.. and perform a numerical application
Sorry  for formulas in forum ( it is for the good cause)

t = time
S=pi*cal^2*/4 area of caliber
ro= volumic mass of air ( 1.3 kg/m3 )
Fd= Cd*ro*V(t)^2*1÷2*S  ( conventionnal formula to determine the drag  force ) 
deceleration of dart , gamma =- Fd/M  
because v (t) is changing  during the fly , the exact final V  must be  obtained by integration 
But to simplify   , for short distances L  and if Fd is not too high ,  V will not change a lot , so we can appromimate as follow
fly time T will be T=  L/V
the final speed at impact will be  V(T) = Vo - ( Fd/M)*T with Vo the muzzle speed ( notice that loss of speed is proportional to fly time  T and deceleration factor Fd/M )
consequently , a heavy dart decelerate more slowly

and the response to question 1 , change of v in % is( Vo - V (T)  ) / Vo * 100
It is now easy to give an approximation  for loss of speed  for short distances 
numerical application
Vo = 50m/s
M = 2g = 0.002 kg
Cd = 0.4  ( paper cone )
L = 10 meter
Cal=14mm =0.014 m

Fd = 0.1 Newton
- Fd/M = 0.1N / 0.002 kg = -50 m/s/s deceleration factor
T = L/Vo = 0.2 s  fly time
loss of speed at target ( 10m) = - Fd/M*T = -50m/s/s* 0.2s = - 10 m/s

final speed at target( 10 m ) = 50- 10= 40 m/s
loss of speed in % = 10/50 * 100 ie  20 %
( more accurate values are 40.9m/s , fly time T = 0.22s )

If M is only 1gramme , loss of speed would  be 40 % !
a drag Cd  of 0.2 would allow to keep the value 20 % loss of speed at 10m 


Answer for question 2 will be more expensive .
We are far from  subject "frictionless barrel coating " ....image


Last Edited By: pime3 Mar 29 17 4:13 PM. Edited 16 times.

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#10 [url]

Mar 29 17 5:04 PM

Well that about settles it for the frictionless barrel coating . You and Calina are correct,coating helps but isn't going to change a lot . ,Thank you Pime for the formula ! You have just proven that aerodynamics and airflow research will get better results and faster darts than any coating/lubricant.,I also will move forward in pressure breathing with weights and aerodynamics . Anyone reading these discussions will see that this forum is the place to go to learn almost anything from the greatest minds of the blowgun sport today . Everything from great math formulas to ideas and designs are all here in the forum from around the world . As for me I'll be trying longer barrels (9-12 feet)and lower drag darts to try and pass 500 feet max range . When I do , I'll post a whole video . Thanks !

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#11 [url]

Apr 3 17 8:19 PM

Hilltopwoodsman wrote:
.... I can't get my 6 foot .63 to shoot a light cone style dart farther than the longer 8 foot .56 but I know I have enough air/breath power because I can use a 7 foot .63 better with heavier darts  but neither one beats the lighter dart /longer barrel . So according to your opinion would I get more distance/speed from a 10-12 foot true 1/2 inch pipe with maybe a 2.5 gram dart?? 


It is like trying to throw a potato chip. Easy to accelerate but not enough mass to handle the drag. My first "Big bore" was a five footer and when I loaded the bamboo darts, I thought I had exceeded my lung capacity. A little later I loaded one of the new stun darts and sent it over the top of my backstop never to be seen again (into an open field.) Glad it wasn't a hefty broadhead instead. I hate the thought of losing sharp projectiles in public places.

United States Blowgun Association

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#12 [url]

Apr 4 17 7:24 PM

Hey Neondog, thanks for jumping in ! Very interesting point .. so in my case it's either use a Smaller caliber and see if I can power the same dart/weight with more psi or switch to a 7.5 foot maybe 8 foot (I'm 6'3 200 lbs)  .625 or so caliber with less pressure but more airflow and hope the gain is better than larger cone /higher drag issues that tend to  affect calibers as they get larger. I also set my personal best distance today . 3.5 or so gram nail dart with 2 inch cone from black vinyl sheeting hit between 445-450 feet. 8 foot .56 cal barrel. I also had a strong neodymium magnet holding the dart just past the mouthpiece.(that may of helped ) I still haven't tried lower drag cone styles at that distance ...

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#13 [url]

Apr 5 17 6:17 PM

The pressure will be about the same with 625 or .56 calibers but the 625 darts have "bigger pistons" so the pressure is applied to a greater area. The advantage of the .56 caliber is to offer more length and so more time to accelerate without tapping out your lung capacity. Like a longer runway for a cargo plane because it takes longer to get the heavier plane up to flying speed.

The best dart, bore and length combination will be different for each individual. If you were driving a small car several miles to the shooting range, an eight foot tube would be very difficult to negotiate and the bigger bore would help make up for the shorter length. I suspect you are living on your shooting range so longer barrels are not a problem.

I believe you are closer to finding your sweet spot than 99.5% of the people who only shoot factory darts. I appreciate your taking the time to post your progress. Perhaps in a few more years there will be commercial barrels and darts in the .56 caliber area. 

United States Blowgun Association

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#14 [url]

Apr 6 17 9:29 PM

Yes Neondog you're right about the longer barrel vs. time in tube to help accelerate . And yes commercially blowgun  companies should adapt to different type of shooters.Blowguns are slowly coming back with all this survival type thinking nowadays . Maybe some commercials on tv ?You also may have just got me thinking about each persons optimal blowing pressure , and I maybe onto something ...for example if a persons peak breath output is let's say 1.5 psi; than by putting a magnet that holds the dart back exactly 1.5 psi or a little less , the shooter can get max psi each shot and his full tidal volume of lung capacity will break right behind that dart. Wouldn't this eliminate or seriously lessen he need for longer barrels in smaller calibers ? For people with late flow breath burst or people using the "teeee" and even the "whooo" breath technique  this should simplify a lot. And if you're next breath isn't 1.5 psi or whatever the dart doesn't even move. steady,even, full,psi darts shot every time .. everyone can optimize their own breath to magnet retention .Any thoughts? Maybe I should of started another topic / thread on this one ...

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#15 [url]

Apr 7 17 10:26 PM

I tried making darts for aluminum arrow shafts a long time ago and when you go to such small calibers the dart has to be REALLY light.  It would do wonders for new shooters who dont keep the muzzle elevated when loading the dart and start with a dart eighteen or twenty inches from the exit. I've seen a lot of those hit the floor half way to the target. 

United States Blowgun Association

Last Edited By: neondog Apr 7 17 10:32 PM. Edited 1 time.

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#16 [url]

Apr 10 17 9:41 AM

Hilltopwoodsman wrote:
Was wondering if anyone has used a low friction teflon coating in their battle to increase dart speed . I've been wanting to try a more permanent coating(not just liquid or powder) that seals into the metal or wood of the blowgun .

I don't think coating the barrel will do much if anything to increase dart speed. Your best bet would be a more streamlined dart. Most blowgun darts are drag stabilized with a tail cone which, although tapered, has a lot of drag and reduces speed and range. To get rid of the drag use fletching instead of a tail cone and launch the dart with a sabot.

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#17 [url]

Apr 11 17 9:59 PM

I will be trying more streamlined style darts next . Probably ones like the abdominal dart (air foil shape) from posts a few years back . Also the double cone (back to back) with fletching seems to be more streamlined . The problem most dart makers will have with these darts is the hassle of making them . In my opinion it's hard to beat the classic nail or wire and cone because it's drag stable and the other darts  for the other style either have to be heavier and need a shaft and that makes them longer than the nail and cone or these kinds of darts need weight up front due to more weight of the ab and the fin/fletching setup in the back making them heavier than the classic nail/wire cone dart . And yes ,Ron, I'm with you on the sabot idea . I know they are more efficient but somehow I have never shot them long distance with a smaller diameter cone or fletched type of dart . That's also next . For me l personally I would like the best one piece dart,less hassle and loading time . All the Fukiya tournaments and record distances are done with one piece dart but I will definitely be trying both just to see the real difference in distance . I'll post results soon in a new post. 

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#19 [url]

Sep 12 17 4:30 AM

It's been a long busy summer for me but I've been keeping up practicing as to not loose distance and breath pressure . I still haven't been able to clear 500 feet on flat ground . I will be getting back into breathing with heavier weights. It seems as time goes on , I can push the heavier darts a little farther with practice but the lighter ones remain maxed out around 450-475 feet. Heavier arrows I can still clear 100-110 yards (300-330feet). My next project will be to have heavier magnets hold dart in place . I've noticed breath pressure (psi )is easier to get higher with practice  but the flow of air volume from in the lungs remains the same (1/10th of a second ) . Actual lung capacity remains constant but after stretching and deep breath holding for about  there Is a noticeable increase and that is the limit . Nice to hear from you Pime ! And thank you everyone for reading .

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#20 [url]

long distances shoots

Hello Hilltopwoodsman

Sorry for my long delay to answer.

Thanks for your good news.

Your reached distances 450-475 is amazing.

You are not far from the record.!

I have a lot of questions.

Will you give us some technical details about your materials?

Pipe long, caliber

Darts weigth,  shaft diameter, long

Propeler cone, commercialized or home made.?

By what mean do you measure or evaluate  your breath (pressure, flow, remain breath duration 0. 10s during your shoots. ?

For long flying times,  effect   of wind can be very noticeable.

So in case of reach the  record,  the direction and value of wind should be described, IMO.

I don't remember if Japonese described the wind conditions rigourously.

Sorry for my curiosity,  but it's for the good cause ☺

Perhaps if you give us some details , I could have some constructives suggestions.


Note, I hope this msg write on my mobile phone will appear correctly.

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